A strong summary highlights the most important information presented in a logical organization. Often students recall the less-than-important information in an illogical order.
Support students to generate stronger writing by explaining that their summaries should match the text structure of the passage. The framework or organization of their writing should include the same transition words as used in the original passage. Here are common transitions sorted by text-structure frame.
After reading a passage, provide students with the appropriate text-structure frame. (Download the frames and cut the transition strips apart.) Model how to retell the text using the sentence starters/transition words to link facts and details together. These transitions will support an organized summary of the most important information.
|Grade levels||Kindergarten, 1st Grade, 2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, 5th Grade, 6th Grade, 7th Grade, 8th Grade, 9th Grade, 10th Grade, 11th Grade, 12th Grade|
|Resource types||Independent practice, Literacy, Literature circles, Novel units, Scaffolding|
|Additional images (optional)|
|Is editable content included?||No|
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